Hemp russet mites are tiny bugs that attack cannabis plants. They live in the crevices of leaves, stems, or buds, and the initial symptoms are not that serious.
They are so small you can only see them with a magnifier unless there are thousands of them infesting your plant. Many growers may not realize they have a bug infestation, and it’s common for growers to confuse the symptoms for other problems such as mold, fusarium, pollen, tobacco mosaic virus, overwatering, a nutrient deficiency, or heat damage.
You may see curling on the edges of leaves, and buds may start dying (hemp russet mite leaf damage picture by IG @thehumboldtlocal)
Hemp russet mites are tiny. They may appear as a beige or yellow mass (typically towards the tops of the plant). You often won’t see them until you have an entire infestation.
These microscopic four-legged mites infested Cannabis plants in a greenhouse at Indiana University. This picture shows them on a leaf petiole about 2 mm wide. By Karl Hillig – https://bugguide.net/node/view/287723.
Symptoms of hemp russet mites on cannabis include:
Symptoms often worst towards the tops of the plant
Bugs are pale, typically either tan or yellow. They can cause parts of the cannabis plant to look beige or yellow in big enough numbers.
They are sometimes mistaken for fungus, mold, or pollen.
Tops of plants droop, especially where there is a significant infestation
Curling of the leaf edges (on some plants)
Dull-colored leaves or stems may also become brittle. These affected areas are where bugs are living inside the plant tissue.
Brown or yellow spots (from leaf stress, not visible bites)
An intense hemp russet mite infestation on cannabis plants can be challenging to diagnose because it’s hard to see the individual bugs
The yellow mass isn’t mold or pollen. It’s an infestation of hemp russet mites
About hemp russet mites
Can reproduce and attack cannabis plants all year round
Most harmful in the flowering stage when buds get infested
Indoors, fans can spread mites
Unfortunately, hemp russet mites are among the toughest cannabis pests to get rid of. They lay their eggs inside the plant, making it very difficult to kill their eggs.
Grow from seeds (hemp mites and eggs cannot survive on seeds). If you start from seeds, your plants will not get hemp russet mites unless they get infected by some other source
Treat and quarantine all new plants (even if they seem healthy) to ensure they don’t have hemp russet mites.
Solution: How to Get Rid of Hemp Russet Mites On Cannabis
Once you’ve identified that the bugs on your cannabis are hemp russet mites, it’s time to get rid of them! When it comes to hemp russet mites, many of the “standard” miticides are not as effective, and you’ll notice these particular mites aren’t listed on the labels.
Hemp russet mites can be one of the toughest marijuana pests to get rid of, but it can be done if you stay vigilant!
Consider tossing your plants – I know it can be a hard pill to swallow, but if you have an intense infestation, sometimes the easiest thing to do is get rid of the plants, treat the room thoroughly, and start over. However, make sure you know where you got the mites in the first place, or you may end up infected again!
Treat often – You may have to treat several times a week or even daily if you have a terrible infestation that won’t go away. This can be very difficult on your plants.
Spray Before Lights Go Out – Whenever treating plants with a spray, do it before the lights go off so that your plant is less likely to get burned!
Read Instructions – Make sure to read the full instructions of each bottle and follow them when treating your plants. You will save yourself a lot of big headaches!
Repeat treatments weekly for 5 more weeks after the mites are gone – After you think hemp russet mites are completely gone, don’t stop! Treat your plant with a different treatment at least once a week for 5 additional weeks. If you don’t completely eradicate them, they’ll come back with a vengeance and be even more resistant to whatever you throw at them.
1.) Neem Oil
Neem Oil will leave an unpleasant taste/smell on buds when used to treat flowering plants, so again, don’t let this stuff get near your buds! There’s also some evidence Neem oil may be harmful to humans, so use it with care! That being said, Neem oil is an all-natural remedy that is very effective against many different types of bugs and mold, including hemp russet mites.
Neem oil can be rough on your plants, so you don’t want to use it more often than you have to because your plants will suffer. However, if you get desperate, treating plants daily with Neem oil effectively kills hemp russet mites when nothing seems to be working.
You will need a mister (also called a “One-Hand Pressure Sprayer”) to spray all the leaves evenly since neem oil and water can separate easily.
Get Neem Oil Extract on Amazon.com! A One-Hand Pressure Garden Sprayer is perfect for misting plants with treatments
2.) Essentria IC3
Essentria IC3 Insecticide is a mix of various horticultural oils that is organic and safe for humans. It is often marketed as a “bed bug killer,” but it can be effective against hemp russet mites when the plants are treated regularly. Unfortunately, it only stays effective on the plant for about 8 hours, so you will want to apply this daily or combine it with other options. You will need a mister (also called a “One-Hand Pressure Sprayer”) to spray all the leaves evenly.
Get Essentria IC3 insecticide on Amazon.com – this can be a tool in the fight against broad mites, or A One-Hand Pressure Garden Sprayer is perfect for misting plants with treatments
3.) Insecticidal soaps
Fatty acid salts or insecticidal soaps can be good against hemp russet mites. They weaken the outer shell of hemp russet mites but are safe to use on your plants, and they don’t leave much of a residue that could kill beneficial bugs in your garden.
Like horticultural oils, coverage is significant with soaps, as it does not stay on your plant for long, so that follow-up applications may be necessary. Although this is considered safe, avoid getting any on your buds!
This will not get rid of hemp russet mites on its own, but it is less harsh on your plants than some of the other options, so it can be a great way to supplement the other treatments you’re doing.
Natria Insecticidal soap can be an excellent optionGet Insecticidal soap to kill cannabis aphids – available on Amazon.com! Another insecticidal soap that can be used against hemp russet mites is Safer Brand Soap
4.) Mighty Wash
Mighty Wash may help rid your grow room of hemp russet mites. You want to use a spray bottle or mister. Spray plants 15 minutes before lights out, making sure to drench the foliage under the leaves and the top of your soil. Use a fan to blow on your leaves to help things dry. Treat your room more than once, even if you believe the hemp russet mites are gone.
Use Mighty Wash with a One-Handed Power Sprayer for the best results!
Mighty Wash kills marijuana spider mites. A One-Hand Pressure Garden Sprayer is perfect for misting plants with treatments
Avid miticide is strong with harsh chemicals and is incredibly expensive, but it can sometimes do the job when nothing else is working. This is a systemic insecticide, which means it works by infiltrating the inside of plant tissue and killing bugs that way. Because of that, it should NOT be used in the flowering stage (you don’t want this stuff inside your buds). However, many growers report that this is the only thing that consistently works for them. Always use Avid as directed and only as a last resort! You will need a mister (also called a “One-Hand Pressure Sprayer”) to spray all the leaves evenly.
Don’t use this product more than once or twice in a row, or your mites may become resistant. This should stay in your plant’s system for several weeks. If you’re using systemic insecticides, switch back and forth between this and another one like Forbid. Make sure to follow the instructions!
Avid miticide kills broad mites and russet mites on your cannabis plants, but it’s expensive and potentially dangerous! Use only as a last resort! A One-Hand Pressure Garden Sprayer is perfect for misting plants with treatments
Forbid miticide is sort of like Avid in that it is made of strong stuff with harsh chemicals and is also expensive. This is a systemic insecticide, which means it works by infiltrating the inside of plant tissue and killing bugs that way. Because of that, it should NOT be used in the flowering stage (you don’t want this stuff inside your buds). However, many growers report that this can be the only thing that consistently works. Always use Forbid as directed and only as a last resort! You will need a mister (also called a “One-Hand Pressure Sprayer”) to spray all the leaves evenly.
Don’t use this product more than once or twice in a row, or your mites may become resistant. This should stay in your plant’s system for several weeks. If you’re using systemic insecticides, switch back and forth between this and another one like Avid. Make sure to follow the instructions!
Get “Forbid” miticide on Amazon.com to help get rid of your broad mites or russet mites! A One-Hand Pressure Garden Sprayer is perfect for misting plants with treatments
7.) Diatomaceous Earth
Diatomaceous Earth is fossil dust that you mix in with the top of your soil and anywhere else in your room (window sills, doorways, etc.). This powder-like substance is harmless to mammals and plants but is incredibly sharp at the microscopic level. Therefore it will tear and dehydrate hemp russet mites on physical contact. This will not get rid of an infestation but can help prevent control and slow things down when used effectively! When it comes to hemp russet mites, you want to use every tool you can!
Hemp russet mites don’t like the heat. Some growers will try to get rid of them on small plants or clones by dunking the plants in hot water (105°F / 40°C) for 10-20 minutes. I’ve also heard of growers trying to reduce their number by overheating the grow space to 115°F (46°F) for an hour. Be careful as this can be dangerous if you don’t take safety precautions, and any heating method strong enough to kill the mites will likely hurt your plants.
9.) Predatory Mites
Some predatory mites, like Amblysieus andersoni mites, may target hemp russet mites. Supplementing your garden with extra predators can help bring down hemp russet mite numbers. However, it’s not enough to fix the problem on their own, and unfortunately, many of the other remedies on this page may also kill predatory mites.
If you don’t want to use any pesticides, get predatory mites to help eat all your hemp russet mites!
Written and Published by Nebula Haze in Weed World Magazine Issue 158